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Slownik Geograficzny Translations

Żurów [now Zhurov, Ivano-Frankivsk oblast, Ukraine]

Żurów – A town in the county of Rohatyn, located 18 kilometers Southwest of Rohatyn, 15 kilometers northwest of the county judiciary in Bursztyn, 8 kilometers northwest of the post office in Bukaczowce.  To the Northwest lies Hrehorow, to the north Podmicalowce and Wasiuczyn, to the east Kolokolin, to the south is Czerniów, to the southwest is Wiszniów.  The town lies on the Swirz a tributary of the Dniestr River.  In the river valley lie the buildings of the town, on the west of which is Teodorowka.  The second part of the town (Zurow II) lies about 9 kilometers to the Northwest of Zurow (part I) and neighbors on the west with Holeszow, on the north with Molodynia, on the east with Wiszniowa, and on the south with Zurawna (in the county of Zydaczow).  The large landed estate has 565 morgs of cultivated fields, 440 in meadows and gardens, 64 in pasture, and 1777 morgs in forest.  The smaller landed estate has 377 morgs in cultivated fields, 315 in meadow and gardens, and 12 morgs in pasture.  In 1880 there were 108 dwellings and 723 inhabitants in the town, 15 dwellings and 90 inhabitants in the area of the manor, divided with, 10 dwellings and 64 inhabitants in Zurow part I, and 5 dwellings and 26 inhabitants in Zurow part II (of the total 349 were Greek Orthodox, 260 were Roman Catholic, 202 were Jewish, and 2 of other denomination; with 479 Poles and 334 Russians).  The Roman Catholic parish is in the town and belongs to the deaconate of Dolina and the Archdiocese of Przemysl.  The parish was founded in 1621 by Mikołaj Danilowicz.  To the parish belong the villages of: Bortniki, Czerenchow, Hrehorow, Jawcze, Jozefowka, Kolokolin, Lukowiec, Oskrzesince, Ostrow, Podmichalowce, Wasiuczyn with Olchowa, and Wierzbica.  The brick parish church was consecrated in 1774 in honor of St. Stanislaus.  The Greek Orthodox parish is located in the town and belongs to the deaconate of Zurawien.  To this parish belong the villages of Podmichalowce and Cierkiew and the church is dedicated to St. Dymitri.  Here is also located a I class school, a loan office for the township with assets of 3221 Russian zloty, and a distillery.  The Latin parish originally with a pointed arch was established in 1568 under a ancestor of Danilowicz, and was destroyed by fire and remained in ruin until 1668 when Mikolaj Danilowicz gave an inventory of the present church.  It was recorded in the place which read: “Nicholas Danilowicz, the Kings of Poland’s Supreme representative at this place, became the founder of a church consecrated on 15 September 1621 A. D...”  In 1816 the church was closed due to disrepair.  Restoration was under lease holder of the estate, Bartlomiej Małuja and pastor, Antoni Tarnawski.  The arch in the Gothic presbytery in the nave of the former archway was removed and the boards were saved which were used flat.  The brick buttresses that support the whole building, especially the entry, above which rose the steeple.  Inside the church in the presbytery altar are the beautiful wood carving works, and in the nave are two altars, one of which I for use during Greek Orthodox services.  In the presbytery on the left side of the main altar, against the door leading to the sacristy, is located a wall of beautiful statues representing the period and in the dress of the XVIth century, given in life size in a lying position, with the head looking toward the nave, and carved from alabaster, which is hard to find in this area.

 

The dedication tablet from the previous restoration was lost.  Among the inventory had to be the tomb of Konstancja Danilowicz.  She was the sub-prefect of Parczew, widow of Malachowski, who was sub-prefect of Smotryck, and then the wife of Jan Potocki, Assistant Master of the Pantry in Kiev.  She lived in the second half of the XVIIth  century.  To the union of Jan Potocki and Konstancja Danilowicz were born a son, Teodor who married the daughter of Sapiecha a Chancellor in the Kingdom of Lithuania. An oil painted portrait  on canvas of Jan Potocki is suspended on the wall opposite his tomb, (refer to MEMORIAL TO KONSTANCJA DANILOWICZ IN THE CHURCH OF THE LATIN RITE IN ZUROW, given by Dr. J. Szaraniewicz, in the Archeological Journal, Lwow, 1882, page 22).  The town of Zurow was formerly called “Dzurow” and was established on a charter from Zygmunt I, to Michal Danilowicz  in 1510 and since has been written by the Danilowicz family as Zurow.  From this family came the mother of Jan Sobieski.  Teofila, daughter of Jan Danilowicz was Palatine of Russia.

 

2) Żurów - a colony belonging to Huta in the county of Odolanow.  It has its district administrative office, civil office, post office, parish church and district court in Odolanow; a railway station in Ostrow; and a school in Huta.  It has 5 dwellings and 28 souls.

 

Source: Slownik Geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego - Warsaw [1895, vol. 14, p.867-868]

 

This translation, by Jerry S. Kucharski, FIC, FICF, is used by permission.


This translation was made from the original entry on the Stanislawow site. 

 

In the vicinity Bukaczowce there were two parishes: Żurów and Martynov. More information on the same places and are in their churches found in the following książkach.1 I hope that with the information contained therein, brings our readers the history of the vicinity of that land.

Żurów - once the town - with the 1771 comes the information that was the smallest town in the county and at that time Żydaczow lost civic rights, and now a small village. Like the nearby Żurawno, was the site of extraction prized alabaster.

In 1394 King Wladyslaw Jagiello gave Żurów to Danilo Zaderewicki, the protoplast Danilowiczs family coat of arms Sas, in the hands of the town remained for nearly four centuries. In 1510 based on the privilege of King Sigismund the Old Michael Danilowicz invest a town. Obtained the privilege of a weekly market was later extended to fair on St. Martin.

In the sixteenth century there was already a parish, a little later as a parish school. In 1598 the church became famous miracle with the Host (during worship) process described in the materials sent to Rome. The Church then enjoyed a considerable reputation among the Orthodox. At the beginning of the seventeenth century, the Crown Treasurer Nicholas Daniłowicz founded a new brick. Was erected by the Lwów-known builders: Paul Rzymian and Wojciech Kapinosa.

The tower of the church was completed baniastym, octagonal cupola, surmounted by a lantern of openwork dome, on which stood a cross. As the provincial temple was richly furnished interior. There were five altars: the main there was a picture of the Assumption of the Blessed. Virgin Mary, in the side miraculous image of Our Lady and Child in a silver dress with a crown and scepter, and his fame has decided to function as a local church sanctuary and place of pilgrimage. Other paid: Christ Crucified, Saint. And St. John the Baptist. Antoni. There were many other paintings and sculptures (gold) of high artistic value. She was also carved pulpit, alabaster font, on a wooden choir were ośmiogłosowe authorities. In the chancel there was a tombstone of a woman (probably the wife of the founder) of alabaster, style similar to the statue of St. John of Dukla in Lviv Bernardine church and to the sculptures of the facade of the church in Komarno. Under the chancel and nave were crypts, they closed the entrance to the stone slabs.

The church was restored several times (mainly after the fires), the last major renovation of the roof and walls were carried out just before the war. In the interwar period the parish consisted of: Czeremchowa, Hrehorów, Jawcze, Józefówka, Kołokolin, Oskrzesińce, Podmichałowce, Wasiuczyn (with Olchowa), Wierzbica. The center of the village, situated on a small hill surrounded by arms of the original small-town freak kept the spatial layout of an extended market, which is surrounded by dense buildings crowded on very narrow plots. For the Second World War. prevailed in the storied houses of the first half. Nineteenth century, the modest, classical design, some of which survived until today. Unfortunately did not survive the most precious monument - the late Renaissance church,

Until 1939, the Żurow local church was a Marian shrine. Surrounded the cult image of Our Lady, dating from the turn of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, was in 1944, after the close of the church, moved to the local church, where it is today.

After closing the church served as a warehouse, about 1958 it was demolished. Preserved in the church foundation tablet, dated 15.08.1621, in a rich frame of currently stored in the local school. There is still the parsonage from 1925.

 

1 Praca zbiorowa. Kościoły i klasztory dawnego województwa ruskiego, tom 10, Grzegorz Rąkowski. Podole Przewodnik po Ukrainie Zachodniej cz. II

  
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